Identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.13003/11160
Metabolic Syndrome Prevalence among Northern Mexican Adult Population
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CitationSalas R, Bibiloni Esteva MM, Ramos E, Villarreal JZ, Pons A, Tur J, et al. Metabolic Syndrome Prevalence among Northern Mexican Adult Population. PLoS One. 2014 Aug 20;9(8):e105581.
Background and Aims: Dietary habits in the Mexican population have changed dramatically over the last few years, which are reflected in increased overweight and obesity prevalence. The aim was to examine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and associated risk factors in Northern Mexican adults aged >= 16 years. Methods and Results: The study was a population-based cross-sectional nutritional survey carried out in the State of Nuevo Leon, Mexico. The study included a sub-sample of 1,200 subjects aged 16 and over who took part in the State Survey of Nutrition and Health-Nuevo Leon 2011/2012. Anthropometric measurements, physical activity, blood pressure and fasting blood tests for biochemical analysis were obtained from all subjects. The prevalence of MetS in Mexican adults aged >= 16 years was 54.8%, reaching 73.8% in obese subjects. This prevalence was higher in women (60.4%) than in men (48.9%) and increased with age in both genders. Multivariate analyses showed no evident relation between MetS components and the level of physical activity. Conclusions: Obese adults, mainly women, are particularly at risk of developing MetS, with the associated implications for their health. The increasing prevalence of MetS highlights the need for developing strategies for its early detection and prevention.
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