Identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.13003/11334
From the Environment to the Host: Re-Wiring of the Transcriptome of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from 22 degrees C to 37 degrees C
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CitationBarbier M, Damron FH, Bielecki P, Suarez-Diez M, Puchalka J, Alberti S, et al. From the Environment to the Host: Re-Wiring of the Transcriptome of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from 22 degrees C to 37 degrees C. PLoS One. 2014 Feb 24;9(2):e89941.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a highly versatile opportunistic pathogen capable of colonizing multiple ecological niches. This bacterium is responsible for a wide range of both acute and chronic infections in a variety of hosts. The success of this microorganism relies on its ability to adapt to environmental changes and re-program its regulatory and metabolic networks. The study of P. aeruginosa adaptation to temperature is crucial to understanding the pathogenesis upon infection of its mammalian host. We examined the effects of growth temperature on the transcriptome of the P. aeruginosa PAO1. Microarray analysis of PAO1 grown in Lysogeny broth at mid-exponential phase at 22 degrees C and 37 degrees C revealed that temperature changes are responsible for the differential transcriptional regulation of 6.4% of the genome. Major alterations were observed in bacterial metabolism, replication, and nutrient acquisition. Quorum-sensing and exoproteins secreted by type I, II, and III secretion systems, involved in the adaptation of P. aeruginosa to the mammalian host during infection, were up-regulated at 37 degrees C compared to 22 degrees C. Genes encoding arginine degradation enzymes were highly up-regulated at 22 degrees C, together with the genes involved in the synthesis of pyoverdine. However, genes involved in pyochelin biosynthesis were up-regulated at 37 degrees C. We observed that the changes in expression of P. aeruginosa siderophores correlated to an overall increase in Fe2+ extracellular concentration at 37 degrees C and a peak in Fe3+ extracellular concentration at 22 degrees C. This suggests a distinct change in iron acquisition strategies when the bacterium switches from the external environment to the host. Our work identifies global changes in bacterial metabolism and nutrient acquisition induced by growth at different temperatures. Overall, this study identifies factors that are regulated in genome-wide adaptation processes and discusses how this life-threatening pathogen responds to temperature.
MeSHReverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial
Análisis por Micromatrices
Regulación Bacteriana de la Expresión Génica
Reacción en Cadena de la Polimerasa de Transcriptasa Inversa