Identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.13003/12742
Biomimetic Biomolecules in Next Generation Xeno-Hybrid Bone Graft Material Show Enhanced In Vitro Bone Cells Response
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CitationPerale G, Monjo M, Ramis JM, Ovrebo O, Betge F, Lyngstadaas P, et al. Biomimetic Biomolecules in Next Generation Xeno-Hybrid Bone Graft Material Show Enhanced In Vitro Bone Cells Response. J Clin Med. 2019 Dec;8(12):2159.
Bone defects resulting from trauma, disease, surgery or congenital malformations are a significant health problem worldwide. Consequently, bone is the second most transplanted tissue just after blood. Although bone grafts (BGs) have been used for decades to improve bone repairs, none of the currently available BGs possesses all the desirable characteristics. One way to overcome such limitations is to introduce the feature of controlled release of active bone-promoting biomolecules: however, the administration of, e.g., recombinant Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) have been used in concentrations overshooting physiologically occurring concentrations and has thus raised concerns as documented side effects were recorded. Secondly, most such biomolecules are very sensitive to organic solvents and this hinders their use. Here, we present a novel xeno-hybrid bone graft, SmartBonePep (R), with a new type of biomolecule (i.e., intrinsically disordered proteins, IDPs) that is both resistant to processing with organic solvent and both triggers bone cells proliferation and differentiation. SmartBonePep (R) is an advanced and improved modification of SmartBone (R), which is a bone substitute produced by combining naturally-derived mineral bone structures with resorbable polymers and collagen fragments. Not only have we demonstrated that Intrinsically Disordered Proteins (IDPs) can be successfully and safely loaded onto a SmartBonePep (R), withstanding the hefty manufacturing processes, but also made them bioavailable in a tuneable manner and proved that these biomolecules are a robust and resilient biomolecule family, being a better candidate with respect to other biomolecules for effectively producing the next generation bone grafts. Most other biomolecules which enhances bone formation, e.g., BMP, would not have tolerated the organic solvent used to produce SmartBonePep (R).