Identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.13003/12818
Frequency of nut consumption and mortality risk in the PREDIMED nutrition intervention trial
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AuthorGuasch-Ferre, Marta; Bullo, Monica; Angel Martinez-Gonzalez, Miguel; Ros, Emilio; Corella, Dolores; Estruch, Ramon; Fito, Montserrat; Aros, Fernando; Waernberg, Julia; Fiol Sala, Miquel ; Lapetra, Jose; Vinyoles, Ernest; Maria Lamuela-Raventos, Rosa; Serra-Majem, Lluis; Pinto, Xavier; Ruiz-Gutierrez, Valentina; Basora, Josep; Salas-Salvado, Jordi; PREDIMED Study Grp
Document typeresearch article
CitationGuasch-Ferre M, Bullo M, Martinez-Gonzalez MA, Ros E, Corella D, Estruch R, et al. Frequency of nut consumption and mortality risk in the PREDIMED nutrition intervention trial. BMC Med. 2013 Jul 16;11:164.
Background: Prospective studies in non-Mediterranean populations have consistently related increasing nut consumption to lower coronary heart disease mortality. A small protective effect on all-cause and cancer mortality has also been suggested. To examine the association between frequency of nut consumption and mortality in individuals at high cardiovascular risk from Spain, a Mediterranean country with a relatively high average nut intake per person. Methods: We evaluated 7,216 men and women aged 55 to 80 years randomized to 1 of 3 interventions (Mediterranean diets supplemented with nuts or olive oil and control diet) in the PREDIMED ('PREvencion con DIeta MEDiterranea') study. Nut consumption was assessed at baseline and mortality was ascertained by medical records and linkage to the National Death Index. Multivariable-adjusted Cox regression and multivariable analyses with generalized estimating equation models were used to assess the association between yearly repeated measurements of nut consumption and mortality. Results: During a median follow-up of 4.8 years, 323 total deaths, 81 cardiovascular deaths and 130 cancer deaths occurred. Nut consumption was associated with a significantly reduced risk of all-cause mortality (P for trend < 0.05, all). Compared to non-consumers, subjects consuming nuts > 3 servings/week (32% of the cohort) had a 39% lower mortality risk (hazard ratio (HR) 0.61; 95% CI 0.45 to 0.83). A similar protective effect against cardiovascular and cancer mortality was observed. Participants allocated to the Mediterranean diet with nuts group who consumed nuts > 3 servings/week at baseline had the lowest total mortality risk (HR 0.37; 95% CI 0.22 to 0.66). Conclusions: Increased frequency of nut consumption was associated with a significantly reduced risk of mortality in a Mediterranean population at high cardiovascular risk.
MeSHAged, 80 and over
DeCSEstudios de Cohortes
Aceite de Oliva
Estudios de Seguimiento
Factores de Riesgo
Persona de Mediana Edad
Anciano de 80 o más Años