Identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.13003/15638
Efficacy and Safety of Sublingual Fentanyl Tablets in Breakthrough Cancer Pain Management According to Cancer Stage and Background Opioid Medication
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Document typeresearch article
CitationGuitart J, Vargas MI, De Sanctis V, Folch J, Salazar R, Fuentes J, et al. Efficacy and Safety of Sublingual Fentanyl Tablets in Breakthrough Cancer Pain Management According to Cancer Stage and Background Opioid Medication. Drugs R&D. 2018 Jun;18(2):119-28.
Objective Our objective was to assess the effect of sublingual fentanyl tablets (SFTs) on pain relief, quality of life, and adverse effects in patients with cancer pain, according to cancer stage and background opioid regimen. Methods Subgroup analyses from a recently completed study were performed according to cancer stage (locally advanced cancer [LAC] vs. metastatic cancer) and most frequent background opioid medication (fentanyl vs. oxycodone/naloxone). The efficacy and safety of SFTs were evaluated, recording pain intensity (PI), onset of pain relief, and adverse events (AEs). Health status was assessed with the Short Form 12, version 2 (SF-12v2) questionnaire and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (anxiety subscale [HADS-A] and depression subscale [HADS-D]). Results In total, 54 (67.5%) patients had LAC and 26 (32.5%) had metastatic cancer. The oxycodone/naloxone group included 39 patients (48.1%) and the fentanyl group 29 (35.8%). In all subgroups, pain relief was achieved within 5 min in an increasing number of individuals over time; at the end of the study, PI values decreased (PI-end: 44.4% for LAC vs. 57.9% for metastatic cancer; 44.4% for fentanyl vs. 38.6% for oxycodone/naloxone). HADS and mental component summary (MCS) SF-12v2 scores significantly improved in the LAC group (HADS-A 9.44-8.04; HADS-D 10.46-8.15; MCS 44.69-45.94) and in the fentanyl group (HADS-A 10.05-8.33; HADS-D 11.95-8.76; MCS 44.38-47.19). AEs were reported in few patients and were mostly mild. Conclusions Exploratory subgroup analyses show the efficacy and safety of SFTs for the treatment of breakthrough pain in patients with cancer, regardless of their cancer stage and background opioid medication.
Drug Therapy, Combination
Quality of Life
Resultado del Tratamiento
Estadificación de Neoplasias
Manejo del Dolor
Combinación de Medicamentos
Calidad de Vida
This item appears in following Docusalut collectionsHospital Comarcal de Inca - HCIN > Comunicación científica
Área de Salud de Menorca - ASME > Comunicación científica