Identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.13003/16195
Clinical activity of a htert (vx-001) cancer vaccine as post-chemotherapy maintenance immunotherapy in patients with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer: final results of a randomised phase 2 clinical trial
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AuthorGridelli, Cesare; Ciuleanu, Tudor; Domine, Manuel; Szczesna, Aleksandra; Bover, Isabel; Cobo, Manuel; Kentepozidis, Nikolaos; Zarogoulidis, Konstantinos; Kalofonos, Charalabos; Kazarnowisz, Andrzej; Korozan, Magdalena; de las Penas, Ramon; Majem, Margarita; Chella, Antonio; Griesinger, Frank; Bournakis, Evangelos; Sadjadian, Parvis; Kotsakis, Athanasios; Chinet, Thierry; Syrigos, Kostantinos N.; Correale, Pierpaolo; Gallou, Catherine; Jamet, Jeanne- Menez; Vetsika, Eleni- Kyriaki; Kosmatopoulos, Kostas; Georgoulias, Vassilis; Vx 001 201 Trial Team
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CitationGridelli C, Ciuleanu T, Domine M, Szczesna A, Bover I, Cobo M, et al. Clinical activity of a htert (vx-001) cancer vaccine as post-chemotherapy maintenance immunotherapy in patients with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer: final results of a randomised phase 2 clinical trial. Br J Cancer. 2020 May;122(10):1461-6. Epub 2020 Mar 25.
Background The cancer vaccine Vx-001, which targets the universal tumour antigen TElomerase Reverse Transcriptase (TERT), can mount specific Vx-001/TERT572 CD8 + cytotoxic T cells; this immune response is associated with improved overall survival (OS) in patients with advanced/metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods A randomised, double blind, phase 2b trial, in HLA-A*201-positive patients with metastatic, TERT-expressing NSCLC, who did not progress after first-line platinum-based chemotherapy were randomised to receive either Vx-001 or placebo. The primary endpoint of the trial was OS. Results Two hundred and twenty-one patients were randomised and 190 (101 and 89 patients in the placebo and the Vx-001 arm, respectively) were analysed for efficacy. There was not treatment-related toxicity >grade 2. The study did not meet its primary endpoint (median OS 11.3 and 14.3 months for the placebo and the Vx-001, respectively; p = 0.86) whereas the median Time to Treatment Failure (TTF) was 3.5 and 3.6 months, respectively. Disease control for >6months was observed in 30 (33.7%) and 26 (25.7%) patients treated with Vx-001 and placebo, respectively. There was no documented objective CR or PR. Long lasting TERT-specific immune response was observed in 29.2% of vaccinated patients who experienced a significantly longer OS compared to non-responders (21.3 and 13.4 months, respectively; p = 0.004). Conclusion Vx-001 could induce specific CD8(+) immune response but failed to meet its primary endpoint. Subsequent studies have to be focused on the identification and treatment of subgroups of patients able to mount an effective immunological response to Vx-001.
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
DeCSLinfocitos T CD8-positivos
Estadificación de Neoplasias
Quimioterapia de Mantención
Carcinoma de Pulmón de Células no Pequeñas
Persona de Mediana Edad
Vacunas contra el Cáncer