Identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.13003/16269
Advanced Chronic Kidney Disease Units in Spain: a national survey on standards of structure, resources, results and patient safety
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CitationPrieto-Velasco M, Del Pino Y Pino MD, Buades Fuster JM, Craver Hospital L, Pons Prades R, Ruiz San Millan JC, et al. Advanced Chronic Kidney Disease Units in Spain: a national survey on standards of structure, resources, results and patient safety. Nefrologia. 2020 Nov;40(6):608-22. Epub 2020 Oct 5.
Background and objective: Recently, the Advanced Chronic Kidney Disease Units (UERCA, in Spanish) have been developed in Spain to offer a better quality of life to patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (ACKD), improving their survival and reducing morbidity in this phase of the disease. Nowadays, there is not much evidence in the Spanish and international literature regarding the structure and how to achieve these objectives in the UERCA. From the ERCA working group of the Spanish Society of Nephrology (SEN), this project is promoted to improve care for ERCA patients through the definition of quality standards for the operation of the UERCA. Material and methods: An initial proposal for quality standards concerning the operation of the UERCA was configured through consultation with the main sources of references and the advice of an expert working group through face-to-face and telematic meetings. Base on this initial proposal of standards, a survey was conducted and sent it via email to 121 nephrology specialist and nursing professionals with experience in Spanish UERCA to find out, among others, the suitability of each standards, that is, its mandatory nature or recommendation as standards. The access to the survey was allowed between July 16th, 2018, until September 26th, 2018. Results: A total of 95 (78.5%) professionals participated out of the 121 who were invited to participate. Of these, 80 of the participants were nephrology specialists and 15 nursing professionals, obtaining a varied representation of professionals from the Spanish geography. After analyzing the opinions of these participants, the standards were defined to a total of 68, 37 of them (54.4%) mandatory and 31 of them (45.5%) recommended. Besides, it was observed that the volume of patients attended in the UERCA is usually above 100 patients, and the referral criteria is generally below 25-29 mL/min/1.73 m(2) of glomerular filtration. Conclusions: This work constitutes a first proposal of quality standards for the operation of UERCA in Spain. The definition of these standards has made it possible to establish the bases for the standardization of the organization of UERCA, and to subsequently work on the configuration of a standards manual for the accreditation of ERCA Units.
KeywordsAdvanced chronic kidney disease
Choice of renal replacement therapy