Identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.13003/16669
Antiretroviral treatment-induced dyslipidemia in HIV-infected patients is influenced by the APOC3-related rs10892151 polymorphism
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CitationAragones G, Alonso-Villaverde C, Pardo-Reche P, Rull A, Beltran-Debon R, Rodriguez-Gallego E, et al. Antiretroviral treatment-induced dyslipidemia in HIV-infected patients is influenced by the APOC3-related rs10892151 polymorphism. BMC Med Genet. 2011 Sep 22;12:120.
Background: The recently observed association between the APOC3-related rs10892151 polymorphism and serum triglyceride levels has prompted us the possibility to explore whether this genetic variant may play a major role in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/antiretroviral therapy-induced dyslipidemia. Methods: We determined the rs10892151 genotype distribution and serum apolipoprotein (apo) C-III concentration in a group of HIV-infected patients (n = 208) and in a group of age and sex-matched healthy volunteers (n = 200). Circulating lipid and lipoprotein levels were followed for 12 months after antiretroviral treatment initiation in the HIV-infected group. Results: There were no significant variations in the frequency of the A allele between the healthy and HIV-infected groups (7.5 vs. 8.6%, respectively; p = 0.7); additionally, the A allele was not related to serum apo C-III concentration. However, among patients receiving protease inhibitor ( PI) treatment, carriers of the A allele had significantly increased serum triglyceride (5.76 +/- 2.54 mmol/L) and total cholesterol (6.63 +/- 2.85 mmol/L) concentrations together with depressed levels of HDL-cholesterol (0.75 +/- 0.3 mmol/L) when compared with patients not carrying the allele (2.43 +/- 1.32, 5.2 +/- 2.17 and 1.24 +/- 0.4 mmol/L, respectively) at the end of the study. This effect was only evident for HDL-cholesterol concentration when patients were treated with non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (1.05 +/- 0.4 vs. 1.28 +/- 0.4 mmol/L). Conclusions: The A allelic variant of the rs10892151 polymorphism is not associated with serum apo C-III concentration, but predisposes HIV-infected patients to less favorable lipid profile, particularly in those patients treated with PIs.
Drug Therapy, Combination
Infecciones por VIH
Factores de Riesgo
Persona de Mediana Edad