Identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.13003/17164
Relationship between Body Image and Body Weight Control in Overweight 55-Year-Old Adults: A Systematic Review
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CitationBouzas Velasco C, Bibiloni Esteva MM, Tur J. Relationship between Body Image and Body Weight Control in Overweight 55-Year-Old Adults: A Systematic Review. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 May 01;16(9):1622.
Objective: To assess the scientific evidence on the relationship between body image and body weight control in overweight 55-year-old adults. Methods: The literature search was conducted on MEDLINE database via PubMed, using terms related to body image, weight control and body composition. Inclusion criteria were scientific papers, written in English or Spanish, made on older adults. Exclusion criteria were eating and psychological disorders, low sample size, cancer, severe diseases, physiological disorders other than metabolic syndrome, and bariatric surgery. Results: Fifty-seven studies were included. Only thirteen were conducted exclusively among 55-year-old adults or performed analysis adjusted by age. Overweight perception was related to spontaneous weight management, which usually concerned dieting and exercising. More men than women showed over-perception of body image. Ethnics showed different satisfaction level with body weight. As age increases, conformism with body shape, as well as expectations concerning body weight decrease. Misperception and dissatisfaction with body weight are risk factors for participating in an unhealthy lifestyle and make it harder to follow a healthier lifestyle. Body image disturbance also made it more likely to underreport calorie intake. Conclusions: Aging is associated with a decrease in weight concerns and lower overweight perception, especially in women. However, when designing a program to improve body image in overweight 55-year-old adults, three items ought to be considered: physical activity, dietary and behavioral treatments.