Identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.13003/17216
Assessing the Usefulness of the Prevexair Smartphone Application in the Follow-Up High-Risk Patients with COPD
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Document typeresearch article
CitationRodriguez Hermosa JL, Fuster Gomila A, Puente Maestu L, Amado Diago CA, Callejas Gonzalez FJ, Malo De Molina Ruiz R, et al. Assessing the Usefulness of the Prevexair Smartphone Application in the Follow-Up High-Risk Patients with COPD. Int J Chronic Obstr Pulm Dis. 2021;16:53-65.
Introduction: This manuscript analyzes the exacerbations recorded by the Prevexair application through the daily analysis of symptoms in high-risk patients with COPD and explores its usefulness in assessing clinical stability with respect to that reported in visits. Patients and Methods: This study is a multi-centre cohort of COPD patients with the exacerbator phenotype who were monitored over 6 months. The Prevexair application was installed on the patients' smartphones. Patients used the app to record symptom changes, use of medication and use of healthcare resources. It is not established a recommended action plan when worsening of symptoms. At their clinical visit during the follow-up period, patients were asked about exacerbations suffered during these 6 months of monitoring. The investigators who conducted the visit were blinded about the Prevexair app records. Results: The patients experienced a total of 185 exacerbations according to daily records in the app whereas only 64 exacerbations were recalled during medical visits. Perception became more accurate for severe exacerbations (kappa 0.6577), although we found no factors that predicted poor recall. The proportion of 72.5% patients were classified as unstable if the exacerbations captured by Prevexair were used to define stability, versus 47.8% if the exacerbations recall in visit was used. Two-thirds of the exacerbations recorded in the Prevexair application were not reported to doctors during their clinical visits. Almost half were treated with oral corticosteroids and/or antibiotics and more than one-quarter of the exacerbations treated did not seek medical attention. Conclusion: The findings of this cohort study confirm that patients do not always remember the exacerbations suffered during their medical visit. The prevexair application is useful in monitoring COPD patients at high risk, in order to a better assessment of exacerbations of COPD during medical visits. Further research must be carried out to evaluate this strategy in clinical practice.
Keywordschronic obstructive pulmonary disease
electronic patient record