Identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.13003/18468
Longitudinal association of dietary acid load with kidney function decline in an older adult population with metabolic syndrome
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AuthorValle-Hita, Cristina; Becerra-Tomás, Nerea; Díaz-López, Andrés; Vázquez-Ruiz, Zenaida; Megías, Isabel; Corella, Dolores; Goday, Albert; Martínez, J Alfredo; Alonso-Gómez, Ángel M; Wärnberg, Julia; Vioque, Jesús; Romaguera, Dora ; López-Miranda, José; Estruch, Ramon; Tinahones, Francisco J; Lapetra, José; Serra-Majem, Lluís; Bueno-Cavanillas, Aurora; Tur, Josep Antoni ; Martín-Sánchez, Vicente; Pintó, Xavier; Gaforio, José J; Matía-Martín, Pilar; Vidal, Josep; Amengual-Galbarte, Angela; Daimiel, Lidia; Ros, Emilio; García-Arellano, Ana; Barragán, Rocío; Fitó, Montse; Peña-Orihuela, Patricia J; Asencio-Aznar, Alberto; Gómez-Gracia, Enrique; Martinez-Urbistondo, Diego; Morey, Margalida ; Casas, Rosa; Garrido-Garrido, Eva María; Tojal-Sierra, Lucas; Damas-Fuentes, Miguel; Goñi, Estibaliz; Ortega-Azorín, Carolina; Castañer, Olga; Garcia-Rios, Antonio; Gisbert-Sellés, Cristina; Sayón-Orea, Carmen; Schröder, Helmut; Salas-Salvadó, Jordi; Babio, Nancy
Document typeresearch article
CitationValle-Hita C, Becerra-Tomás N, Díaz-López A, Vázquez-Ruiz Z, Megías I, Corella D, et al. Longitudinal association of dietary acid load with kidney function decline in an older adult population with metabolic syndrome. Front Nutr. 2022 Sep 30;9.
Diets high in acid load may contribute to kidney function impairment. This study aimed to investigate the association between dietary acid load and 1-year changes in glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and urine albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR). Older adults with overweight/obesity and metabolic syndrome (mean age 65 ± 5 years, 48% women) from the PREDIMED-Plus study who had available data on eGFR (n = 5,874) or UACR (n = 3,639) at baseline and after 1 year of follow-up were included in this prospective analysis. Dietary acid load was estimated as potential renal acid load (PRAL) and net endogenous acid production (NEAP) at baseline from a food frequency questionnaire. Linear and logistic regression models were fitted to evaluate the associations between baseline tertiles of dietary acid load and kidney function outcomes. One year-changes in eGFR and UACR were set as the primary outcomes. We secondarily assessed ≥ 10% eGFR decline or ≥10% UACR increase. After multiple adjustments, individuals in the highest tertile of PRAL or NEAP showed higher one-year changes in eGFR (PRAL, β: -0.64 ml/min/1.73 m2; 95% CI: -1.21 to -0.08 and NEAP, β: -0.56 ml/min/1.73 m2; 95% CI: -1.13 to 0.01) compared to those in the lowest category. No associations with changes in UACR were found. Participants with higher levels of PRAL and NEAP had significantly higher odds of developing ≥10% eGFR decline (PRAL, OR: 1.28; 95% CI: 1.07-1.54 and NEAP, OR: 1.24; 95% CI: 1.03-1.50) and ≥10 % UACR increase (PRAL, OR: 1.23; 95% CI: 1.04-1.46) compared to individuals with lower dietary acid load. Higher PRAL and NEAP were associated with worse kidney function after 1 year of follow-up as measured by eGFR and UACR markers in an older Spanish population with overweight/obesity and metabolic syndrome.